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What Is A Sudden Cardiac Arrest? – Heart Awareness Month

More than 350,000 deaths occur each year as a result of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA)

SCA claims one life every two minutes, taking more lives each year than breast cancer, lung cancer, or AIDS. To decrease the death toll from SCA, it is important to understand what SCA is, what warning signs are, and how to respond and prevent SCA from occurring. More than 65 percent of Americans not only underestimate the seriousness of SCA, but also believe SCA is a type of heart attack. But they are not the same thing.

Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) Awareness

The Heart Rhythm Society raises awareness for Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) and helps the public become more familiar with what it is, how it affects people, and what can be done to help save lives.

The Society’s award-winning “Apples and Oranges” campaign uses a simple analogy to educate people about the difference between a heart attack and SCA. More than 65 percent of Americans not only underestimate the seriousness of SCA, but also believe SCA is a type of heart attack. The campaign targets heart attack survivors, who are at the highest risk for SCA, and stresses the importance of maintaining a healthy heart lifestyle and learning critical risk markers, especially their Ejection Fraction (EF).

This public service announcement explains the dangers of SCA and features Emmy-award winning journalist Shaun Robinson.

About Sudden Cardiac Arrest

  • More than 350,000 deaths occur each year as a result of sudden cardiac arrest.
  • SCA claims one life every two minutes, taking more lives each year than breast cancer, lung cancer, or AIDS.
  • To decrease the death toll from SCA, it is important to understand what SCA is, what warning signs are, and how to respond and prevent SCA from occurring.

Responding to SCA — Time is Everything

Time-to-treatment is critical when considering the chance of survival for an SCA victim. Ninety-five percent of those who experience SCA die because they do not receive life-saving defibrillation within four to six minutes, before brain and permanent death start to occur. Learn more about the steps to take when responding to a potential SCA emergency.

SCA Resources

Patients can access information about SCA, including causes, prevention, and other important facts.

Learn your SCA risk by using an interactive online tool. It’s fast and easy — simply answer a few questions regarding your health and get your results. After you have finished using the assessment, please consult with your physician regarding your results.


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13-year-old receives Heart Saver Hero award for helping save father’s life with CPR

As her eighth-grade students were learning CPR in health class, Anne Lindley had to remind the students to pay attention.

As the St. Mary Catholic School health teacher tried to get her students’ attention, she talked about the importance of CPR and warned them they might have to use it someday. Like other students in class that day, Abby Johnson wondered why she had to learn how to do CPR.

“I was like ‘I won’t have to do this,” Johnson recalled Monday.

Abby Johnson, an eighth grade student at St. Mary Catholic School in Mokena, hugs her father, Bill, after receiving an award from the American Heart Association.

But two weeks later, Johnson faced a real-life test after her father slumped over in a chair from a heart attack. When the 911 dispatcher asked if anyone in the house knew CPR, Johnson told her mother “I’ve got this” and began compressions — a move that helped save her father’s life.

“It came back,” she said referring to the CPR training she had just gone through at school.

On Monday, Johnson received a standing ovation from St. Mary students as she received the Heart Saver Hero award from the American Heart Association for her action. Her father, Bill, and mother, Mary, also were present for the surprise award presentation.

“She’s my hero,” Bill Johnson said after the presentation.

Johnson spent three weeks at Silver Cross Hospital in New Lenox following his heart attack last November. He hadn’t been feeling well the morning of Nov. 3. He remembers sitting down and sighing just before he passed out.

Abby’s mother, Mary, screamed for her daughters to come downstairs and was calling 911. When the dispatcher asked if anyone knew CPR, Abby jumped in, delivering chest compressions until paramedics arrived. In all, she performed six rounds, each lasting about two minutes.

Stefani White (from left), vice president of youth market for the American Heart Association; Whitney Smyser, youth market director for the American Heart Association, Maddie Johnson, Bill Johnson, Abby Johnson, Mary Johnson, St. Mary Catholic School Principal Beth Cunningham and physical education/health teacher Anne Lindley.

Stefani White (from left), vice president of youth market for the American Heart Association; Whitney Smyser, youth market director for the American Heart Association, Maddie Johnson, Bill Johnson, Abby Johnson, Mary Johnson, St. Mary Catholic School Principal Beth Cunningham and physical education/health teacher Anne Lindley. (Alicia Fabbre / Daily Southtown)


One round alone can be exhausting, said Stefani White, vice president of the youth market for the American Heart Association. White noted paramedics normally take turns performing rounds of CPR because of how physically taxing it can be.

“She was exhausted,” Abby’s mother, Mary, recalled. “Her arms were shaking.”

Abby stayed on the phone with a 911 dispatcher who helped guide her as she delivered the compressions. At one point, after Abby told the dispatcher her father’s face was starting to turn blue, the dispatcher told her not to look at his face and continue the compressions.

“As they worked together, she became more focused,” Mary said.

Many friends and family were not surprised to hear about Abby’s actions. The 13-year-old, who plays three sports and is a straight-A student, has always been very kind-hearted and willing to help others, her parents said.

“There’s always been an awareness about Abby to do the right thing,” Bill said.

The Johnsons, who said they had many friends and family praying during Bill’s hospital stay, also are grateful that Lindley offered CPR training to students. Lindley said her own brother’s life was saved through CPR.

“Sometimes as a teacher, you wonder if you’ve made a difference,” Lindley said Monday. “This one, you know you did,”

She said other students have taken note of the Johnsons; experience and that when she taught her seventh-grade class, she didn’t have to remind them to pay attention.

“They were very serious about it,” she said.

As for the Johnsons, though Bill’s time in the hospital was touch and go at first, he is home now and doing well. He jokes that he now has three people watching his every move and that sneaking a bowl of ice cream or salted pretzels isn’t easy when his daughter catches him.

While in the hospital, nurses jokingly suggested Bill give his daughter a car or a pony. Instead, he gave her a ring with two hearts as a remembrance of her heroics and a token of his gratitude.

“I told her when someone asks her what’s the most important thing she’s ever done she’s got a great story,” he said.


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His heart stopped for 19 minutes. CPR saved his life.


We’ve all heard it; CPR can mean the difference between life or death.

“You can be very young, you can be very old, it does not matter. Cardiac arrest does not discriminate and can affect anyone at any time,” says Gabrielle Purick, Program Administrator for Keep the Beat, Mecklenburg County.

Sudden cardiac arrest is when a person’s heart suddenly stops beating. It strikes people of all ages who seem to be healthy, including children, making it the 3rd leading cause of death in the U.S.

It’s different than a heart attack in that a person who goes into cardiac arrest passes out, is unresponsive and unable to breathe on their own.

Sudden cardiac arrest is extremely fatal, it takes over 90 percent of the lives it affects,” which is why Purick said CPR is so crucial to survival.

“For every one-minute that someone is on the ground having a cardiac arrest without help their chance of survival goes down 10 percent,” she said.

It’s also why Omar’s case is such a testament to the power of CPR. Paramedics with Mecklenburg County EMS say this September Omar, a healthy 28-year old, went into sudden cardiac arrest. They say his heart stopped beating for 19 minutes.

“His case is actually what we aim for all of our cases to turn out as, so Omar got bystander CPR right away, got help on the scene, by the time our paramedics and EMT showed up, bystander CPR was being performed and now he’s alive and well today because of it,” said Purick.

Every year Mecklenburg County EMS transports more than 155-thousand patients.

But every so often, some of those patients return to thank the first responders who helped to save their lives. This December Omar and his family made a visit to MEDIC headquarters to meet the paramedics who helped to save him.

“Having patients come back and visit our teams that worked on them is personally my favorite part of getting to work here. We get to see Omar come back with his family, his child and his wife and really show the fruit of the labor that our employees work so hard to achieve,” said Purick.

He’s now sharing these special moments, showing how a life can be saved, by simply knowing CPR.

Purick says anyone can take free CPR classes through Keep the Beat. Keep the Beat is a joint initiative of Mecklenburg EMS Agency (Medic), Mecklenburg County, Atrium Health, and Novant Health that aims to reduce out of hospital cardiac mortality by increasing bystander CPR in Mecklenburg County.

The program offers free bystander CPR training, AED awareness and the PulsePoint app availability PulsePoint app is an app you can download to your phone, which sends out an alert when someone nearby is in cardiac arrest.

Purick says the county began using the app at the beginning of 2019 and already has more than 4,000 residents who have downloaded it.

According to MEDIC, more than 1,000 patients have survived and thrived after suffering sudden cardiac arrest in Mecklenburg County since 2010.

“Sudden cardiac arrest is extremely fatal, it takes over 90 percent of the lives it affects so to have 1000 people walking around our community who otherwise wouldn’t be is something we should be really proud of and it goes out to our community members who performed CPR before our people got there,” she said.

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CPR Training – A Great Team Building Exercise!

CPR/First Aid Training – Corporate and Group Classes

Green Guard offers weekly CPR classes for companies and groups, Green Guard’s CPRAED and First Aid training program will help employers meet OSHA and other federal and state regulatory requirements for training employees how to respond and care for medical emergencies at work.

This 2-year certification course conforms to the 2015 AHA Guidelines Update for CPR and ECC, and the 2015 AHA and ARC Guidelines Update for First Aid.

Looking for a Team Building opportunity? Learn to save a life while providing a great team-building exercise.

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5 Common Misconceptions About Defibrillator’s (AED’s)

An automatic external defibrillator (AED) can save lives.

AEDs provide access to life-saving care at your business, event, or public gathering and can be used by team members without the need for a medical degree. Unfortunately, many misconceptions about AED management that often prevent people from installing or learning how to use one. It’s time to address these issues to make you and your employees or residents more comfortable with AED use.


Myth #1 – AEDs Are Hard To Use

Modern technology is pretty amazing, and that’s true when it comes to modern defibrillation devices. Instead of wading through a large instruction book to learn how to operate an AED in times of emergency, the staff is trained upon device installation in AED management. Even an untrained person could manage to use an AED, the technology is that user-friendly. Upon powering on an AED, the device itself provides walk-through instructions from start to finish. It’s virtually foolproof.


Myth #2 – I Will Be Held Liable If Something Happens

While it is a litigation-happy world, it is a myth that providing AED resuscitation assistance to a person will put you at risk for a lawsuit. Good Samaritan laws were put in place to offer just this kind of protection, prompting bystanders to take action that can greatly reduce further injury and even death.  Since only 8% of patients survive out-of-hospital cardiac incidents, defibrillation is encouragedAll jurisdictions in the United States provide some level of immunity to AED users, 60% require public access defibrillation maintenance, 59% require emergency medical service notification, 55% impose training requirements, and 41% require medical oversight. Understand more with  PlusTrac’s resource on AED Laws now.


Myth #3 – You’re Going To Shock Someone That Doesn’t Need It

In the year 2019 — this just can’t happen. Modern safety checks are built into each AED so that you can’t shock someone you’re not supposed to. Every AED analyzes the patient and looks for two specific rhythms indicating cardiac distress, the AED will only shock if the rhythm is found. Accidental shocking is now only part of Hollywood entertainment.


Myth #4 – Emergency Services Will Be Slower If We Have an AED

This myth is simply false. Emergency responders do not delay service based on AED presence. In fact, a registered AED can provide 9-11 responders additional resources to support you over the phone while you’re waiting for help to arrive. Operators can help you locate registered devices by guiding you through your building, and even help dispatch a volunteer responder if there is one nearby. This emergency treatment may help you buy the minutes needed to stabilize an injury while waiting for that ambulance to arrive.


Myth #5 – AEDs Are Expensive Equipment For a Very Rare Occurrence

Sudden cardiac arrest is a lot more common than most people think. Over 320,000 people experience these events outside a hospital each year, with very low survival rates. In a situation where every second counts, AEDs can buy life-saving time. And this life-saving technology is affordable. Over a ten-year period, the average AED will cost about only about $130-$300 per year to own, as technology advances costs continue to improve for the value of what you purchase.

Don’t let the myths and misconceptions about AEDs prevent you from offering this safety net to your employees.


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Grocery Store Employee Saves Customer’s Life

Call it an early Christmas Miracle.

Kevin Garcia says he was waiting in line at the Save Mart at Willow and Nees in Fresno, when suddenly he keeled over with a heart attack. That’s when Garcia says his cashier ran around the counter to give him CPR, and saved his life.

“Everything’s fine, and I feel like I have a new chance at life – a new lease at life.”

56-year-old Kevin Garcia is looking for the cashier at SaveMart who saved his life when he had a heart attack last week. Guess what — we found him!


Embedded video

We caught up with Garcia about five minutes before he was carted off to surgery at St. Agnes Hospital.

For a guy about to have heart surgery – boy was he spritely.

“The doctor told me, hey, you need to see a cardiologist. I didn’t disagree, I just scheduled the cardiologist for December 26th, which is a little bit far away, and I didn’t quite make it,” Garcia explained.

He didn’t make it to that cardiologist appointment, because he didn’t make it home from the grocery store last week.

And before you know it, my ears started ringing – and they’ve rung before, because they had some congestion and this was something that I felt – but this time it was different, and the congestion turned into what sounded like tinnitus with a jet engine.

Michael Perkins is an employee at that store and noticed something was wrong.

“Checking in this register right here, and I just heard this crash and I looked up. Things were going all over the place, and the lady right here said, ‘oh my god’ and she ran around. And I turned around, and this gentleman’s feet were right here, and he’d hit his head on the corner, and he was bleeding.”

Very luckily, before his days as a cashier, Perkins used to work at a hospital.

CPR means applying firm, consistent chest compressions. Doctors say it can be very exhausting to maintain.

Witnesses say that Perkins administered CPR for about five minutes.

“To be honest with you, it seemed like a couple of seconds. It happened, and it was over in the blink of an eye,” Perkins said.

Garcia says that if it weren’t for Perkins, he would not be here to tell his story.

There’s no other way to say it – he saved my life… That guy’s a hero, and I don’t know much about him – I know his name’s Michael. but I hope he gets some recognition, and I hope he’ll let me do a few nice things for him. I’ve got some really nice things in mind.”

Kevin’s father says that he’s out of surgery, doing just fine. He’ll have to take a little bit to recover.


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Winter Driving Tips To Keep You Safe On The Road


Do you and your family know what to do if you are stranded in your car in a winter storm? Are your team members and employees prepared for winter driving this season?

Stay safe this winter holiday season by planning ahead and making good choices while traveling. When preparing to travel, be aware of current and forecasted weather conditions. Get your car ready for cold weather before winter arrives and ensure it is well-equipped for the road conditions.


Remember the three P’s of Safe Winter Driving:

  • PREPARE for the trip

  • PROTECT yourself

  • PREVENT crashes




  • Speed limits are based on normal road conditions so reduce your speed when there is ice or snow.

  • Stay at least 200 feet back if you are behind a snowplow.

  • Bridges, ramps, and overpasses freeze first, so use extreme caution.

  • Know how to safely maneuver a vehicle if skidding on ice occurs.

  • Maintain at least three times the normal following distance when driving on snow and ice.

  • Be aware of ‘black ice’ which is a nearly invisible layer of ice that can develop on roads and cause a driver to rapidly lose control. Black ice is especially common at night.


Keep a safety kit in every car with supplies you might need in the event of an unexpected roadside emergency. Ideas for winter include:

  • Snacks and bottled water, medication if needed

  • First aid kit and plastic bags (for sanitation)

  • Blankets, or other items to keep warm

  • Cat litter or sand for icy areas

  • Booster cables, tow chain or rope, and flares

  • A spare tire and tire jack

  • Flashlights, battery-powered radio, batteries

  • Windshield scraper and brush



If you do become stranded in a winter storm, don’t panic and stay with your car unless safety or help is less than 100 yards away. Follow these tips until help arrives.

  • Continue to move arms and legs.

  • Stay visible by putting a bright cloth on the antenna, turning on the inside light when the engine is on and raising the hood when the snow isn’t falling.

  • Run the engine and heater only 10 mins every hour.

  • Keep a downwind window open.

  • Make sure the tailpipe is not blocked.


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OSHA – An Amazing Resource You Might Not Know About….

OSHA Can Help In a Surprising Way…

OSHA’s offers on-site consultation program and the best part? it’s FREE and confidential for small & medium-sized businesses operating across the U.S.

A great benefit that OSHA offers to small, medium or newly established businesses is a FREE safety consultation service. OSHA on-site consultation services are provided to companies who request the service, with priority given to high-hazard worksites. This free program is available to small & medium businesses operating in the United States.

Don’t worry, OSHA is here to help with this valuable program. These on-site consultation services are not part of the OSHA enforcement department and you will not get penalties or citations, even if things at your company aren’t quite perfect. If applicable, companies may even qualify for a one-year exemption from routine OSHA inspections by utilizing the free service. Your obligation is to make a commitment and follow through with correction serious workplace safety and health hazards.

OSHA consultants are from state agencies and universities and they work with employers to help identify workplace hazards. The consultants will also provide advice on OSHA compliance standards and can also assist the company to set up health and safety programs that fit the business.

On-Site Consultants Will:

  • Help you recognize hazards in your workplace.

  • Suggest general approaches or options for solving a safety or health problem.

  • Identify kinds of help available if you need further assistance.

  • Provide you a written report summarizing findings.

  • Assist you to develop or maintain an effective safety and health programs.

  • Provide training and education for you and your employees.

The On-Site Consultants Will Not:

  • Issue citations or propose penalties for violations of OSHA standards.

  • Report possible violations to OSHA enforcement staff.

  • Guarantee that your workplace will “pass” an OSHA inspection.

Theis program is entirely voluntary, OSHA will not approach you about participating. Any employer who wants to benefit from this free service must request it.

Visit OSHA’s Consultation Directory at to learn more.


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Six tips for starting a safety committee

As a member of two safety and health committees, Jordan Hollingsworth understands their value.

“Maybe you’re not the decision-maker, but you might have a great idea, and you might be able to bring it to the table,” said Hollingsworth, field operations manager for the Indianapolis-based Safety Management Group. “Then that great idea gets implemented across the board.”

Hollingsworth said such committees serve as a valuable launching pad for new ideas, as well as identifying safety concerns in an organization.

“It’s a conduit for that voice,” he said.

So, how do you start a safety and health committee at your workplace? Safety+Health asked several experts and came up with six guidelines.


1. Know where to start

A safety and health committee needs advocates throughout the organization. To Steven L. Greeley, director of the Workplace Safety and Health Division at the Maine Department of Labor, the starting point is crystal clear.

“Management commitment is the first place to start,” Greeley said, “primarily because you could have somebody who would be able to dedicate resources to the committee.”

Those resources may not include immediate financial support, but could be just as valuable.

“It’s (having) someone who could make sure that worker on the machine will be given time to leave the machine to go to the meetings,” Greeley said. “If it’s not something that has top management commitment behind it, people might not be able to get away from their work.”

Another important initial step is checking state and local rules and labor contracts regarding safety committees, said Erica Frey-Hoyer, process improvement manager at Packaging Corp. of America in Salem, OR.

Nebraska is the only state that requires all employers to have a safety and health committee, according to OSHA. Meanwhile, 15 other states mandate such committees under various provisions. (For a full list, see “Safety committee regulations by state.”)

Additionally, review your organization’s policies and procedures with human resources, author John P. Spath recommends in his book, “Building a Better Safety and Health Committee.”

“Although most human resource organizations will not be a barrier to operating an effective safety and health committee,” Spath wrote, “they may have practices that govern pay, time away from their normal job assignment, meeting attendance and other routines that establish internal parameters the committee may have to manage.”

2. State your purpose

When building a committee, documenting bylaws, responsibilities, procedures and goals is a must. “They should include a standard agenda that would be followed each meeting,” Frey-Hoyer said. She recommends including specific details into the bylaws.

“For example, safety committee meetings will be held the third Wednesday of the month and will rotate between 7 a.m. and 2 p.m. to accommodate employees on different shifts,” she said.

The bylaws also can include specific activities that will happen monthly, quarterly or annually, and the person responsible for each activity.

3. Get organized

A common flaw of new committees is disorganization.

“The safety committee that doesn’t lay down the groundwork and the expectations first, they probably fail,” Hollingsworth said.

Frey-Hoyer encourages new committees to focus on documentation and reporting. “An important bylaw every committee should have is specifying who and how the meeting minutes will be captured and distributed,” she said. “Remember, if it’s not written down, it never happened.”

Determine how long committee members will serve, and consider staggering members’ terms. “If you’re cycling out members, don’t cycle out every member at the same time,” Hollingsworth said. Frey-Hoyer suggested about 10% to 20% turnover each year, which will help maintain continuity while bringing a “steady stream of new ideas.”

4. Choose members wisely

Two common types of committees are employee-only and joint committees, in which both workers and management are represented, according to the National Safety Council “Supervisors’ Safety Manual, 10th Edition.”

“Either type gives workers a chance to contribute to the overall safety and health of an organization,” the manual states, “but the joint committee is usually more effective in a team-based organization. Cooperation is maximized when worker and management committee members volunteer or are elected by their peers.”


Greeley is a proponent of joint committees. “Any time you can get labor and management working together, it’s a benefit,” he said. “There’s a certain trust there.”

Having equal representation also helps workers who may be reluctant to approach management with safety issues. “For whatever reason, they don’t feel comfortable,” he said. “With the committee, that person might approach a co-worker (on the committee) where they might not approach a manager.”

Frey-Hoyer suggested naming a front-line worker to serve as the committee chairperson or co-chair with a management representative to advocate for the workforce.

Committees should ensure representation throughout the organization. Experts said that entails participation from different departments, shifts or trades.

Members rotating off the committee, meanwhile, can be an additional influence by extending the safety and health message. “As you bring somebody new on, you’ve got this new ally,” Greeley said. “You’re also putting more allies out into the workforce that are no longer on the committee, but they’re still very much committed to what the committee does.”

5. Plan ahead

“Effective committee meetings don’t just happen,” Spath wrote in his book. “They result from a continuous planning cycle.” That cycle, he said, begins with determining the desired purpose(s) of each meeting and whether it can be met in the meeting’s time frame.

Next, decide which members can share knowledge about the planned meeting’s subjects, or if subject matter experts should be invited.

Distributing an agenda in advance helps all members come prepared. “Documents help keep people on target,” Greeley said.

Following an agenda will keep committee meetings flowing smoothly and ensure tasks are being completed. “I like something going out (before each meeting) that’s going to remind people, ‘We have a meeting coming up,’” Greeley said. “‘These were the action items from last month. These were the people who were responsible for following up on these items.’ When you come to that next meeting, people are prepared to work on something.”

Hollingsworth recommended laying out a schedule a year ahead, with milestone dates for various goals. Spath considers a future list a good way to add an inventory of new ideas or topics that can be maintained and discussed in the months ahead.

6. Stress accountability

Being a committee member comes with a responsibility to the organization and co-workers to improve the safety and health culture. This is where some committees can fall short.

“When you put down an action item, make sure you put somebody’s name to it,” Greeley said. “It shouldn’t always be the chairperson or your safety manager. You’re all part of the committee, and people can take a piece of that.”

Hearing many different voices in an organization represented is one of the biggest benefits of starting a committee. “An engaged safety committee will build the safety culture within an organization by improving working conditions, safe work practices and safety programs,” Frey-Hoyer said.

A committee also should have one other important trait – uniqueness.

Tailor the committee by setting meeting times and dates that best fit everyone’s schedules, and create feedback opportunities for employees in any role and at any level.

“Do something that works for your company,” Greeley said. “Make it your committee.”

Safety committee regulations by state

Sixteen states require employers to have safety and health committees – 15 under varying circumstances. Below is a list of those states and their provisions.

Alabama: If requested by employees
Connecticut: More than 25 employees or a high incident rate
Hawaii: Employers with 25 or more workers must have a committee or “a person designated and trained by the employer for the facility’s safety and health program.”
Louisiana: An employer’s safety plan has requirements for “designation of employees responsible for safety” and regular safety meetings.
Minnesota: More than 25 employees or a high incident rate
Montana: More than five employees
Nebraska: Required of all employers
Nevada: More than 25 employees
New Hampshire: More than 15 employees
New York: Group dividend plan (Employer enrollment in safety and loss prevention incentive program)
North Carolina: High incident rate or more than 10 employees
Oregon: More than 10 employees (Meetings required for employers with 10 or fewer employees.)
Tennessee: High incident rate
Vermont: High incident rate
Washington: More than 10 employees
West Virginia: High incident rate

Note: Although California doesn’t require employers to have a safety and health committee, having one puts them in compliance with the state’s Injury and Illness Prevention Program communication rule.

Source: OSHA


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Four Critical Steps To Burn Treatment

Seconds count, when burns occur.

Burns need to be cooled immediately. Otherwise, the heat will continue to destroy the surrounding and underlying tissue, and may even progress into a second or third-degree burn. This will present serious complications for the patient both in cost and on-going treatment.

Here are four critical steps you should take to treat a burn:

         1. Immediately stop the burning process

         2. Cool the burn, but don’t overcool the patient

         3. Provide pain relief

         4. Cover and protect the burn area against contamination


It is actually recommended that you don’t use ice. It can cause more damage and slow the healing process.It is recommended instead you use a burn dressing. Burn dressings are a gelatinized water mix designed to perform the four critical steps for burn management in one application. Because of their gelatinous nature, they seal the burn from further contamination, they cool the burn site and relieve pain by heat transfer into themselves, and the fluids on the burn site cannot soak into the dressing nor can they evaporate through them. And finally, as the burn site cools down, the dressing warms up, leaving the site covered by a warm dressing, helping to prevent hypothermia.

Burn Dressing will absorb temperatures which is extremely important. The additional gel within the burn gel pouch can be left on the wound for up to four hours prior to receiving further medical treatment if necessary.

Benefits of burn dressings

  • Provides controlled cooling by convection, not evaporation
  • Acts as a heat exchanger
  • Absorbs heat throughout the gel contact area
  • Conforms to the burn surface, providing total cooling contact
  • Does not affect core body temperature or contribute to hypothermia
  • Stops the burning process
  • Portable—on the scene—when seconds count!
  • Cools the burn, dissipates heat
  • Provides pain relief
  • Easy to use
  • Evaporates slowly
  • Use on any burn
  • Non-adherent, easy to remove
  • Covers and protects against contamination
  • Helps prevent infection
  • Water-soluble
  • Won’t irritate the eyes, nose or mouth

All burns should be treated with concern. It is important to keep in mind the golden rule of burn management: If someone has a burn on his or her body exceeding the size of the palm of his or her own hand, where blisters are present, burns to genitalia, face or to any flexion point, this person should seek medical attention. All electrical burns require medical attention.


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